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J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Jun;47(6):2468-74.

Soybean lipoxygenase inactivation by pressure at subzero and elevated temperatures.

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  • 1Department of Food and Microbial Technology, Laboratory of Food Technology, Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium.


Soybean lipoxygenase (LOX) inactivation [0.4 mg/mL in Tris-HCl buffer (0.01 M, pH 9)] was studied quantitatively under constant pressure (up to 650 MPa) and temperature (-15 to 68 degrees C) conditions and kinetically characterized by rate constants, activation energies, and activation volumes. The irreversible LOX inactivation followed a first-order reaction at all pressure-temperature combinations tested. In the entire pressure-temperature area studied, LOX inactivation rate constants increased with increasing pressure at constant temperature. On the contrary, at constant pressure, the inactivation rate constants showed a minimum around 30 degrees C and could be increased by either a temperature increase or decrease. On the basis of the calculated rate constants at 102 pressure-temperature combinations, an iso-rate contour diagram was constructed as a function of pressure and temperature. The pressure-temperature dependence of the LOX inactivation rate constants was described successfully using a modified kinetic model of Hawley.

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