Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 2000 Apr 15;60(8):2290-9.

Interleukin 8 expression regulates tumorigenicity and metastasis in human bladder cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is mitogenic and chemotactic for endothelial cells. Within a neoplasm, IL-8 is secreted by inflammatory and neoplastic cells. The highly tumorigenic and highly metastatic human transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell line 253J B-V overexpresses IL-8 relative to the nontumorigenic and nometastatic 253J-P cell line. To determine whether IL-8 expression regulates tumorigenicity and metastasis in human TCC, 253J B-V cells were transfected with the full-sequence antisense (AS) cDNA for IL-8, whereas 253J-P cells were transfected with the full-length IL-8 cDNA, and control cells for each were transfected with the neomycin resistance (Neo) gene. In vitro, sense-transfected 253J-P cells overexpressed IL-8-specific mRNA and protein, whereas both of these were markedly reduced in AS-IL-8-transfected 253J B-V cells relative to controls. Moreover, sense-transfected cells showed up-regulation in matrix metalloproteinase type 9 mRNA, collagenase activity, and increased invasiveness through Matrigel-coated filters, whereas these measures were lower in AS-transfected cells relative to controls. After implantation into the bladders of athymic nude mice, the sense-transfected 253J-P cells acquired increased tumorigenicity and metastasis, whereas the AS-transfected cells significantly inhibited tumorigenicity and metastases in the 253J B-V cell lines. This effect was accompanied by reduced IL-8 expression and microvessel density. These studies demonstrate that IL-8 expression enhances angiogenic activity through the induction of matrix metalloproteinase type 9 and subsequently regulates the tumorigenesis and production of spontaneous metastases of human TCC.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms


Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk