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J Clin Oncol. 2000 May;18(9):1876-87.

Prognostic impact of trisomies of chromosomes 10, 17, and 5 among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and high hyperdiploidy (> 50 chromosomes).

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Hughes Institute, and Children's Cancer Group Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Biology Reference Laboratory, St. Paul. nheerema@ih.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and high hyperdiploidy (> 50 chromosomes) have improved outcome compared with other ALL patients. We sought to identify cytogenetic features that would predict differences in outcome within this low-risk subset of ALL patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

High-hyperdiploid ALL patients (N = 480) were enrolled between 1988 and 1995 on Children's Cancer Group (CCG) trials. Karyotypes were determined by conventional banding. Treatment outcome was analyzed by life-table methods.

RESULTS:

Patients with 54 to 58 chromosomes had better outcome than patients with 51 to 53 or 59 to 68 chromosomes (P = .0002). Patients with a trisomy of chromosome 10 (P<.0001), chromosome 17 (P = .0002), or chromosome 18 (P = .004) had significantly improved outcome compared with their counterparts who lacked the given trisomy. Patients with a trisomy of chromosome 5 had worse outcome than patients lacking this trisomy (P = .02). Patients with trisomies of both chromosomes 10 and 17 had better outcome than those with a trisomy of chromosome 10 (P = .09), a trisomy of chromosome 17 (P =.01), or neither trisomy (P<.0001). Multivariate analysis indicated that trisomy of chromosome 10 (P = .001) was the most significant prognostic factor for high-hyperdiploid patients, yet trisomy of chromosome 17 (P =.02) or chromosome 5 (P = .01) and modal chromosome number (P = .02) also had significant multivariate effects.

CONCLUSION:

Trisomy of chromosomes 10 and 17 as well as modal chromosome number 54 to 58 identify subgroups of patients with high-hyperdiploid ALL who have a better outcome than high-hyperdiploid patients who lack these cytogenetic features. Trisomy of chromosome 5 confers poorer outcome among high-hyperdiploid patients.

PMID:
10784628
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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