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Science. 2000 Apr 28;288(5466):669-72.

Gene therapy of human severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)-X1 disease.

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  • 1INSERM Unit 429, Gene Therapy Laboratory, Cell Therapy Laboratory, Unité d'Immunologie et d'Hématologie Pédiatriques, Hôpital Necker, 75743 Paris Cedex 15, France.


Severe combined immunodeficiency-X1 (SCID-X1) is an X-linked inherited disorder characterized by an early block in T and natural killer (NK) lymphocyte differentiation. This block is caused by mutations of the gene encoding the gammac cytokine receptor subunit of interleukin-2, -4, -7, -9, and -15 receptors, which participates in the delivery of growth, survival, and differentiation signals to early lymphoid progenitors. After preclinical studies, a gene therapy trial for SCID-X1 was initiated, based on the use of complementary DNA containing a defective gammac Moloney retrovirus-derived vector and ex vivo infection of CD34+ cells. After a 10-month follow-up period, gammac transgene-expressing T and NK cells were detected in two patients. T, B, and NK cell counts and function, including antigen-specific responses, were comparable to those of age-matched controls. Thus, gene therapy was able to provide full correction of disease phenotype and, hence, clinical benefit.

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