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Am Heart J. 2000 May;139(5):814-9.

Clinical study to investigate the predictive parameters for the onset of atrial fibrillation in patients with essential hypertension.

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  • 1Cardiology Unit, Medical/Surgical Cardiovascular Department, Hôpital de la Tour, Meyrin-Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The risk factors involved in the onset of atrial fibrillation (AF) are well known, but the predictive clinical and paraclinical parameters for the onset of AF in hypertensive patients have not been investigated specifically.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We retrospectively analyzed 97 consecutive patients with hypertension and no known history of AF or cardiovascular events who attended the cardiology outpatient clinic. The analysis was based on clinical data, the noninvasive ambulatory 24-hour measurement of blood pressure (AMBP), a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram, and a Doppler echocardiogram. After a mean follow-up of 25 +/- 3 months, 19 (19. 5%) patients had AF, 3 (15.8%) of whom had a cerebrovascular accident. The patients with AF were older than the others and their AMBP showed higher mean systolic diurnal and nocturnal blood pressures, though no differences in the clinical blood pressure readings were present. On the electrocardiogram, the maximum duration of the P wave and its dispersion were more prolonged in the patients with AF. On the Doppler echocardiogram, left ventricular mass and left atrial dimension were higher in the patients with AF, and the A-wave velocity of diastolic mitral flow was reduced in these patients. In the multivariate analysis, age (odds ratio 3.28, P <.001), diurnal systolic blood pressure (odds ratio 1.35, P <.01) and nocturnal systolic blood pressure (odds ratio 1.16, P <.01), maximum duration of the P wave (odds ratio 2.09, P <.01), dispersion of the P wave (odds ratio 2.52, P <.001), echocardiographic left ventricular mass (odds ratio 1.43, P <.01), left atrial dimension (odds ratio 2.81, P <.001), and velocity of the A wave (odds ratio 2. 24, P <.01) were independent predictors for the onset of AF. After correction for age, maximum duration of the P wave (odds ratio 1.34, P <.01), dispersion of the P wave (odds ratio 1.63, P <.001), and the velocity of the A wave (odds ratio 1.42, P <.01) remained independent predictors for the onset of AF.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with hypertension, age and the level of diurnal and nocturnal systolic blood pressures measured by 24-hour AMBP are important independent predictors for the onset of AF. Independent of age, increases in left atrial dimension and left ventricular mass, prolongation of the maximum duration and dispersion of the P wave and reduced A-wave velocity are also predictors for the onset of AF.

PMID:
10783214
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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