Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Causes Control. 2000 Mar;11(3):197-205.

Effects of supplemental alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene on colorectal cancer: results from a controlled trial (Finland)

Author information

  • 1Division of Clinical Sciences, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Some epidemiological investigations suggest that higher intake or biochemical status of vitamin E and beta-carotene might be associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer.

METHODS:

We tested the effects of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene supplementation on the incidence of colorectal cancer in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study, a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among 29,133 50-69-year-old male cigarette smokers. Participants were randomly assigned to receive alpha-tocopherol (50 mg), beta-carotene (20 mg), both agents, or a placebo daily for 5-8 years. Incident colorectal cancers (n = 135) were identified through the nationwide cancer registry, and 99% were histologically confirmed. Intervention effects were evaluated using survival analysis and proportional hazards models.

RESULTS:

Colorectal cancer incidence was somewhat lower in the alpha-tocopherol arm compared to the no alpha-tocopherol arm, but this finding was not statistically significant (relative risk (RR) = 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.55-1.09; log-rank test p = 0.15). Beta-carotene had no effect on colorectal cancer incidence (RR = 1.05, 95% CI 0.75-1.47; log-rank test p = 0.78). There was no interaction between the two substances.

CONCLUSION:

Our study found no evidence of a beneficial or harmful effect for beta-carotene in colorectal cancer in older male smokers, but does provide suggestive evidence that vitamin E supplementation may have had a modest preventive effect. The latter finding is in accord with previous research linking higher vitamin E status to reduced colorectal cancer risk.

Comment in

PMID:
10782653
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk