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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000 Apr;101(4):256-64.

Combination of antidepressants and psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa: a systematic review.

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  • 1Federal University of São Paulo, UNIFESP-EPM, Brazil.

Abstract

This review assessed the effect of a combination of antidepressants plus psychological approaches compared to each single treatment for bulimia nervosa.

METHOD:

Trials were included in two meta-analyses: single antidepressants versus combination and single psychological approaches versus combination. Methodological quality and homogeneity of results were assessed. Dichotomous outcomes were analysed by calculating relative risks (RR).

RESULT:

Five trials were included in meta-analysis 1 and 7 in meta-analysis 2. Remission rates were 42% for combination versus 23% for antidepressants (RR = 1.38; 95% CI=0.98-1.93; P=0.06) and 36% for psychological approaches compared to 49% for combination (RR= 1.21; P=0.03). Drop-out rates were 16% for psychological approaches and 30% for combination (RR =0.57; 95% CI = 0.38-0.088; P=0.11).

CONCLUSION:

Efficacy of combined treatments was superior to single approaches. When antidepressants were combined to treatment, acceptability of psychological approaches was significantly reduced.

PMID:
10782544
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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