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Mol Cell Biol. 2000 May;20(10):3568-75.

A novel 50-kilodalton fragment of host cell factor 1 (C1) in G(0) cells.

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  • 1Center for Cancer Research and Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.


Host cell factor 1 (HCF-1; also called C1) is a 230-kDa protein which is cleaved posttranslationally into separate but associated N- and C-terminal polypeptides. These polypeptides are components of the C1 complex, along with Oct-1 and the viral protein VP16. The C1 complex is formed when herpes simplex virus (HSV) infects a cell and is responsible for transcription of the HSV immediate-early genes. A temperature-sensitive mutation in the N-terminal kelch domain of HCF-1 reversibly arrests cells in a G(0)-like state when grown at the nonpermissive temperature, and the same domain interacts with VP16 in the formation of the C1 complex. The form of HCF-1 in primary G(0) cells was investigated by using peripheral blood mononucleocytes and serum-arrested human primary fibroblasts. A novel 50-kDa N-terminal fragment of HCF-1 encompassing the kelch domain was identified in the cytoplasm of these cells. This fragment arises by proteolysis of the full-length HCF-1 protein and is able to associate with VP16.

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