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J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 28;275(17):13056-60.

PDZ domain-dependent suppression of NF-kappaB/p65-induced Abeta42 production by a neuron-specific X11-like protein.

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  • 1Laboratory of Neurobiophysics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.


It is widely believed that one of the causes of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the generation and secretion of beta-amyloid (Abeta) from amyloid precursor protein in the brain. Here we report that a transcription factor, NF-kappaB/p65, induces increased secretion of amyloidogenic Abeta42 but not Abeta40. The kappaB motif-dependent production of Abeta42 was suppressed by binding of NF-kappaB/p65 to the PDZ domain of the X11-like protein (X11L), which a human homologue protein of LIN-10. The results suggest that the PDZ domain of X11L can control the ability of NF-kappaB/p65 to induce expression of protein(s) involved in Abeta42 production. The amino acids 161-163 in Rel homology domain (RHD) of NF-kappaB/p65 is important in interaction of NF-kappaB/p65 with X11L. Another subunit NF-kappaB/p50 and heterodimers of p65 and p50 do not bind to X11L. Our finding indicates NF-kappaB and X11L may, in novel way, regulate Abeta production in neuronal cells. Targeting X11L by specific therapy may provide the possibility to control the progression of AD.

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