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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Apr 21;270(3):695-700.

The homeodomain of Nkx2.2 carries two cooperatively acting nuclear localization signals.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Medical School, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University, Greifswald, Germany.


NK-2 family members of homeodomain proteins have been identified as important regulators of growth and development in the ventral forebrain, heart, lung, and thyroid. In addition, Nk2.2 expression has been detected in the pancreas, where it is vital for the final differentiation of beta-cells. In our present paper, we have analyzed the domains necessary for nuclear transport of Nkx2.2. With the help of deletion mutants we identified two separate nuclear localization signals (NLS). Interestingly, both NLSs are situated in the homeodomain. They belong to the monopartite class of NLS; the proximal NLS has the sequence KKRKRR and lies at the very N-terminus of the homeodomain, while the more distal NLS RYKMKRAR is at the homeodomain C-terminus. Each NLS per se is sufficient for nuclear transport of Nkx2.2 into the nucleus, although inefficiently. Both identified NLSs act cooperatively in mediating complete nuclear transport of Nkx2.2.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

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