Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Apr;30 Suppl 1:S77-84.

Hepatitis C virus infection as an opportunistic disease in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus.

Author information

  • 1Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. msulkows@jhmi.edu.

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family and is a major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Owing to shared routes of transmission, HCV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection are common, affecting approximately one-third of all HIV-infected persons in the United States. In addition, HIV coinfection is associated with higher HCV RNA level and a more rapid progression of HCV-related liver disease, which leads to an increased risk of cirrhosis. HCV infection may also impact the course and management of HIV disease, particularly by increasing the risk of antiretroviral drug-induced hepatotoxicity. Thus, chronic HCV infection acts as an opportunistic disease in HIV-infected persons, because the incidence of infection is increased and the natural history of HCV infection is accelerated in coinfected persons. Strategies to prevent primary HCV infection and to modify the progression of HCV-related liver disease are urgently needed for HIV-HCV-coinfected individuals.

PMID:
10770916
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk