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Leukemia. 2000 Apr;14(4):629-35.

Characterization of a novel negative regulatory element in the human interleukin 4 promoter.

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  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.


Interleukin 4 (IL-4) is a multifunctional cytokine that plays an important role in hematopoiesis, tumor cell growth, and cellular immune responses. Expression of the IL-4 gene is tightly controlled at the level of gene transcription, and many positive regulatory cis-elements have been identified in the proximal IL-4 promoter region. Relatively little is known about factors that downregulate IL-4 transcription. We performed a detailed deletional analysis of the proximal human IL-4 promoter and studied reporter gene activity in transiently transfected Jurkat T lymphoblasts. In this report, we characterize a novel negative regulatory element (termed P2 NRE) that is adjacent to a binding site for nuclear factor of activated T cells. Mutation of P2 NRE significantly enhanced the activity of a 175 base pair IL-4 promoter construct in transiently transfected Jurkat T lymphoblasts. Using nuclear extracts from Jurkat cells, we identify a candidate factor (termed Rep-1) that binds uniquely to the P2 NRE in DNA-binding assays. Rep-1 is not related to other factors previously shown to interact with the IL-4 promoter, and by UV cross-linking and SDS-PAGE analysis, we found that it migrates with a molecular mass of approximately 150 kDa. Characterizing the molecular mechanisms responsible for downregulating the IL-4 promoter should enhance our understanding of IL-4-gene dysregulation in disease states.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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