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Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2000 Mar-Apr;58(2):167-76.

[Tamm-Horsfall protein].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Laboratoire de biochimie, Hôpital Armand-Trousseau, 26, avenue du Dr-Arnold-Netter, 75012 Paris, France.

Abstract

Human Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein, the major urinary protein, is a glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) - anchored membrane protein which mainly resides at the luminal face of cells of the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAL) and early distal convoluted tubules of nephron. Tamm-Horsfall protein contains exclusively N-linked glycans, mainly of polyantennary type largely sialylated and fucosylated, but also high-mannose glycans. Only a portion of the Tamm-Horsfall protein is released as soluble protein by the action of proteases and in a minor amount by a cell-associated GPI-specific phospholipase. The physiological function of Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein has not been clarified to date. Since the urinary Tamm-Horsfall protein has a high gel-forming tendency, it has been postulated that it takes part in the water impermeability of TAL. It is also proposed that the Tamm-Horsfall protein plays a protective role towards pyelonephritogenic pathogens such as Escherichia coli. The Tamm-Horsfall protein may inhibit the colonization of these pathogens in the renal mucosa in that the soluble form competes with that exposed at the plasma membrane. Recently, urinary Tamm-Horsfall protein has been implicated in tubulointerstitial nephritis.

PMID:
10760703
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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