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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Mar;24(3):263-70.

Measurement of visceral adipose tissue by DXA combined with anthropometry in obese humans.

Author information

  • 1Department of Diabetology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, University Hospital, Reims, France. ebertin@chu-reims.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To get accurate measurements of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).

DESIGN:

DXA and anthropometric data and their combinations were compared to the VAT area calculated from a computed tomography (CT) single scan.

SUBJECTS:

71 overweight subjects (44 women, 27 men), age: 16-70 y, BMI: 27-52 kg/m2.

MEASUREMENTS:

Total body and segmental tissue composition, and new parameters obtained from DXA, in addition to waist and hip circumferences and abdominal sagittal diameter measurements.

RESULTS:

The ratio measured at the umbilical level (sagittal diameter - subcutaneous fat width) x (transverse internal diameter)/(height) was closely related to VAT (r=0.94 for women and 0.88 for men). It gave the most predictive equation for VAT: y = 79.6x (s.e. 3.9) - 149 cm2 for the whole population (r2=0.86, P<0.0001, root mean square error=38.2 cm2. An independent relationship between lean mass or its index (r=0.52 and 0.72, P<0.001) and VAT was also found in women.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates the potential usefulness of DXA to supply accurate measurements of VAT in addition to total body composition determination in obese subjects.

PMID:
10757618
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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