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Vision Res. 1999;39(25):4192-9.

Adaptation of torsional eye alignment in relation to head roll.

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  • 1Vision Science Group, School of Optometry, University of California at Berkeley 94720-2020, USA.


The coordination of head tilt, ocular counter-roll and vertical vergence is maintained by adaptive mechanisms; the desired outcome being clear single vision. A disruption or imbalance in otolith-ocular pathways may result in diplopia which stimulates these adaptive processes. In the present experiment, dove prisms were used to create cyclodisparities that varied with head tilt about a naso-occipital axis (roll). A stimulus for incyclovergence was presented with the head rolled 45 degrees to one side and a stimulus for an excyclovergence was presented with the head rolled 45 degrees to the other side. At the end of 1 h of training, all subjects demonstrated a change in open-loop cyclovergence that would help to correct for the cyclodisparities experienced during the closed-loop training period. The change appeared to be a simple gain change in the ocular counter-roll of one or both eyes.

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