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J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 14;275(15):11181-90.

Monitoring cellular responses to Listeria monocytogenes with oligonucleotide arrays.

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  • 1Sanofi approximately Synthelabo, Montpellier, F-34184 France.


Listeria monocytogenes is a pathogenic intracellular microorganism whose infection induces pleiotropic biological changes associated with host cell gene expression regulation. Here we define the gene expression profiles of the human promyelocytic THP1 cell line before and after L. monocytogenes infection. Gene expression was measured on a large scale via oligonucleotide microarrays with probe sets corresponding to 6,800 human genes. We assessed and discussed the reproducibility of the hybridization signatures. In addition to oligonucleotide arrays, we also performed the large scale gene expression measurement with two high-density membranes, assaying for 588 and 18,376 human genes, respectively. This work allowed the reproducible identification of 74 up-regulated RNAs and 23 down-regulated RNAs as a consequence of L. monocytogenes infection of THP1. The reliability of these data was reinforced by performing independent infections. Some of these detected RNAs were consistent with previous results, while some newly identified RNAs encode gene products that may play key roles in L. monocytogenes infection. These findings will undoubtedly enhance the understanding of L. monocytogenes molecular physiology and may help identify new therapeutic targets.

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