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Cancer Res. 2000 Mar 15;60(6):1677-82.

Identification of differentially expressed genes in human prostate cancer using subtraction and microarray.

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  • 1Corixa Corporation, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA.


We have identified human prostate cancer- and tissue-specific genes using cDNA library subtraction in conjunction with high throughput microarray screening. Subtracted cDNA libraries of prostate tumors and normal prostate tissue were generated. Characterization of subtracted libraries showed enrichment of both cancer- and tissue-specific genes. Highly redundant clones were eliminated by colony hybridization. The remaining clones were selected for microarray to determine gene expression levels in a variety of tumor and normal tissues. Clones showing overexpression in prostate tumors and/or normal prostate tissues were selected and sequenced. Here we report the identification of two genes, P503S and P504S, from subtracted libraries and a third gene, P510S, by subtraction followed by microarray screening. Their expression profiles were further confirmed by Northern blot, real-time PCR (TaqMan), and immunohistochemistry to be overexpressed in prostate tissues and/or prostate tumors. Full-length cDNA sequences were cloned, and their subcellular locations were predicted by a bioinformatic algorithm, PSORT, to be plasma membrane proteins. The genes identified through these approaches are potential candidates for cancer diagnosis and therapy.

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