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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 9;275(23):17249-55.

The transcriptional response of yeast to saline stress.

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  • 1Departament de Bioquimica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra E-08193, Barcelona, Spain.


Adaptation to changes in extracellular salinity is a critical event for cell survival. Genome-wide DNA chip analysis has been used to analyze the transcriptional response of yeast cells to saline stress. About 7% of the genes encoded in the yeast genome are induced more than 5-fold after a mild and brief saline shock (0.4 m NaCl, 10 min). Interestingly, most responsive genes showed a very transient expression pattern, as mRNA levels dramatically declined after 20 min in the presence of stress. A quite similar set of genes increased expression in cells subjected to higher saline concentrations (0.8 m NaCl), although in this case the response was delayed. Therefore, our data show that cells respond to saline stress by inducing the expression of a very large number of genes and suggest that stress adaptation requires regulation of many cellular aspects. The transcriptional induction of most genes that are strongly responsive to salt stress was highly or fully dependent on the presence of the stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase Hog1, indicating that the Hog1-mediated signaling pathway plays a key role in global gene regulation under saline stress conditions.

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