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Hum Pathol. 2000 Mar;31(3):367-73.

Identification of a novel 9 cM deletion unit on chromosome 6q23-24 in papillary serous carcinoma of the peritoneum.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

To define regions of deletion on chromosome 6q in papillary serous carcinoma of the peritoneum (PSCP), we analyzed 103 tumor tissues from 53 patients by using 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers spanning loci from 6q23 to 6q27. Allelic losses on 6q were observed in 42 of 53 (79.2%) cases. We identified 3 distinct regions with a high percentage (>40%) of loss of heterozygosity. The first region is located at 6q23-24 and defined by D6S311 (15 of 35 informative cases, 42.9%). Detailed deletion mapping of chromosome 6q23-24 in these tumor samples identified a novel 9 cM minimal deletion region flanked by D6S250 and ESR. The second one is located at 6q25.1-25.2 and defined by D6S448 (17 of 36 informative cases, 47.2%). A second minimal deletion region of 4 cM was flanked by D6S420 and D6S442. The third region is located at 6q27 and defined by D6S297 (9 of 19 informative cases, 47.4%). Comparing these results with our cases of advanced staged invasive serous epithelial ovarian carcinoma (SEOC), we observed that allelic losses at D6S311 (6q23) and D6S149 (6q27) were significantly higher for PSCP than for SEOC. The pattern of allelic loss at each tumor site within an individual patient was also studied. A total of 36 cases displayed allelic loss for at least 1 of multiple tumor sites, and 35 of these patients exhibited nonidentical patterns of allelic loss at various tumor sites of the same patient. Furthermore, an alternating pattern of allelic loss in the same patient was identified in 3 of 53 patients studied. These results show that allelic losses on 6q are very frequent in PSCP, and we show 2 discrete minimal deletion regions on 6q, suggesting the existence of at least 2 tumor suppressor genes within 6q that may be involved in the pathogenesis of PSCP. In addition, the finding of different patterns of allelic loss at different tumor sites within the same patient indicate a mutifocal origin in some PSCP cases. These results provide strong evidence to support our previous reports that PSCP is a multifocal disease entity.

PMID:
10746681
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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