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Int J Hematol. 2000 Feb;71(2):95-8.

Platelet function in the myelodysplastic syndromes.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tikva, Israel. mittelman@sela.co.il


Bleeding in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is often related to thrombocytopenia. However, because MDS is a stem cell disorder, it is conceivable that platelet function (PF) abnormalities may play a role as well. A few studies have been reported, mainly with platelet aggregation (PA). A summary of the information discloses that about 68 MDS patients have been studied. Despite some conflicting data, it can be concluded that PA defects are quite common in MDS. About 75% of MDS patients demonstrated reduced PA with epinephrine, followed by decreased PA with arachidonic acid (54%), ADP (46%), collagen (43%), and ristocetin (22%). Several other PFs were studied, but the data require caution in interpretation. Despite the relatively high incidence of platelet dysfunction, bleeding in MDS patients is uncommon, with episodes tending to be mild, although recurrent. Nevertheless, some correlation between PA abnormalities and the tendency to bleed has been suggested. As patients demonstrate more PA defects, they tend to bleed more. Some authors suggest that PF studies may assist in diagnosing tough cases of MDS, as well as serving as prognostic markers. A large-scale study testing PF in a large number of MDS patients is required and is expected.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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