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Ann Hematol. 2000 Feb;79(2):59-65.

Blood-derived macrophage layers in the presence of hydrocortisone support myeloid progenitors in long-term cultures of CD34+ cord blood and bone marrow cells.

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  • 1Bone Marrow Transplantation Center, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.


Monocytes/macrophages secrete various cytokines that induce proliferation of colony-forming unit granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) in short-term assays. To determine whether macrophages also support proliferation of more primitive progenitors, i.e., cells that give rise to colony forming cells in a 5-week long-term culture (LTC), we established plastic-adherent macrophage layers from human peripheral blood (PB) and filgrastim (G-CSF)-mobilized progenitor cell collections in the presence of hydrocortisone, and compared these layers with bone marrow (BM) stroma regarding their suitability to support proliferation and differentiation of CD34+ BM and cord blood (CB) cells in 5-week LTCs. CD34+ cells were seeded onto irradiated macrophage and BM stromal layers, as well as without any preformed layer. After 5 weeks, colony formation (CFU-GM, BFU-E/CFU-E) and cell expansion were determined. CD34+ cells from BM and CB yielded more CFU-GM and total nucleated cells at 5 weeks in the presence of both types of adherent layer compared with cultures without a layer (p<0.05). For CD34+ BM cells, macrophage layers were superior to BM stroma in enhancing CFU-GM and CFU-E/BFU-E output (p < 0.05). In contrast, BM stroma was favorable compared with macrophages concerning nucleated cell expansion from CD34+ CB cells (p = 0.027). The macrophage nature of PB-derived adherent cells was confirmed immunocytochemically by positive staining for CD68, Ki-Mlp, CD31, CD54, inconstant staining for CD14, and negative staining for CD1a, CD3, CD15, CD34, and CD62E. Cytochemical reactions were positive for alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase and negative for peroxidase and periodic acid-Schiff, consistent with the immunophenotype. In conclusion, the results show that blood-derived macrophages support CFU-GM generation from CD34+ CB and BM progenitors for 5 weeks in vitro. Differential effects on proliferation and maturation of BM versus CB progenitors are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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