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J Biol Chem. 2000 Mar 31;275(13):9461-7.

The co-repressor mSin3A is a functional component of the REST-CoREST repressor complex.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, 11794-5230, USA.


The repressor REST/NRSF restricts expression of a large set of genes to neurons by suppressing their expression in non-neural tissues. We find that REST repression involves two distinct repressor proteins. One of these, CoREST, interacts with the COOH-terminal repressor domain of REST (Andres, M. E., Burger, C., Peral-Rubio, M. J., Battaglioli, E., Anderson, M. E., Grimes, J., Dallmanm J., Ballas, N. , and Mandel, G. (1999) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 96, 9873-9878). Here we show that the co-repressor mSin3A also interacts with REST. The REST-mSin3A association involves the NH(2)-terminal repressor domain of REST and the paired amphipathic helix 2 domain of mSin3A. REST forms complexes with endogenous mSin3A in mammalian cells, and both mSin3A and CoREST interact with REST in intact mammalian cells. REST repression is blocked in yeast lacking Sin3 and rescued in its presence. In mammalian cells, repression by REST is reduced when binding to mSin3A is inhibited. In mouse embryos, the distribution of mSin3A and REST transcripts is largely coincident. The pattern of CoREST gene expression is more restricted, suggesting that mSin3A is required constitutively for REST repression, whereas CoREST is recruited for more specialized repressor functions.

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