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Theriogenology. 1998 Sep;50(4):625-35.

Verification of flow cytometorically-sorted X- and Y-bearing porcine spermatozoa and reanalysis of spermatozoa for DNA content using the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique.

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  • 1Shizuoka Swine and Poultry Experiment Station, Shizuoka-ken, Japan.


Flow cytometric sperm sorting based on X and Y sperm DNA difference has been established as the only effective method for sexing the spermatozoa of mammals. The standard method for verifying the purity of sorted X and Y spermatozoa has been to reanalyze sorted sperm aliquots. We verified the purity of flow-sorted porcine X and Y spermatozoa and accuracy of DNA reanalysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using chromosome Y and 1 DNA probe. Eight ejaculates from 4 boars were sorted according to the Beltsville Sperm Sexing method. Porcine chromosome Y- and chromosome 1-specific DNA probes were used on sorted sperm populations in combination with FISH. Aliquots of the sorted sperm samples were reanalyzed for DNA content by flow cytometry. The purity of the sorted X-bearing spermatozoa was 87.4% for FISH and 87.0% for flow cytometric reanalysis; purity for the sorted Y-bearing spermatozoa was 85.9% for FISH and 84.8% for flow cytometric reanalysis. A total of 4,424 X sperm cells and 4,256 Y sperm cells was examined by FISH across the 8 ejaculates. For flow cytometry, 5,000 sorted X spermatozoa and 5,000 Y spermatozoa were reanalyzed for DNA content for each ejaculate. These results confirm the high purity of flow sorted porcine X and Y sperm cells and the validity of reanalysis of DNA in determining the proportions of X- and Y-sorted spermatozoa from viewing thousands of individual sperm chromosomes directly using FISH.

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