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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2000 Apr 1;118(1):35-41.

Jumping translocations of 11q in acute myeloid leukemia and 1q in follicular lymphoma.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, The University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Medicine, London, Ontario, Canada.


Jumping translocation is a rare cytogenetic aberration in leukemia and lymphoma, and its etiologic mechanisms are not clearly known. We report two cases with jumping translocations. One had follicular lymphoma and jumping translocations of 1q onto the telomeric regions of 5p, 9p, and 15q in three cell lines, co-existing with the specific translocation t(14;18)(q32;q21). The second case had acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and jumping translocations of 11q as the sole aberration, onto multiple derivative chromosomes in each of the abnormal cells. A total of 17 telomeric regions were seen as the recipients of 11q in this case, and 9q was always involved as one of the recipients in all abnormal cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) confirmed the identification of 11q material in the derivative chromosomes. While 1q has been the most common donor of acquired jumping translocations, this is the first report on jumping translocations of 11q. Different from all previously reported jumping translocations which involve only one recipient in each cell line and lead to a mosaic trisomy, multiple recipients in most of the abnormal cells in this case had led to a tetrasomy, or a pentasomy of 11q. The pattern of chromosome involvement as the recipients of 11q appears to show a continuing evolutionary process of jumping, stabilization, and spreading of the donor material into other chromosomes. Somatic recombinations between the interstitial telomeric or subtelomeric sequences of a derivative chromosome and the telomeric sequences of normal chromosomes are believed to be the underlying mechanism of jumping translocations and their clonal evolution.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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