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Neuropharmacology. 2000 Feb 14;39(4):621-30.

Mobilisation of intracellular Ca2+ by mGluR5 metabotropic glutamate receptor activation in neonatal rat cultured dorsal root ganglia neurones.

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  • 1Merck Sharp & Dohme Neuroscience Research Centre, Harlow, UK.


The ability of metabotropic glutamate receptor activation to mobilise intracellular calcium was investigated in cultured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones from neonatal rats using the calcium sensitive fluorescent dye Fura-2. L-glutamate (10 microM) caused sustained and oscillatory increases in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a subpopulation of cultured DRG neurones. The oscillatory responses were not blocked by combined application of the ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists MK 801 (2 microM) and CNQX (20 microM). Oscillations in [Ca2+]i were also observed following application of the nonselective metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist, trans-(1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1S, 3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R)-ACPD, 20 microM) and the mGluR5 agonist (RS)-2-chloro-5-hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG, 500 microM). These responses were blocked by the selective Group I mGluR antagonist (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA) (100 microM) and Ca2+ release channel inhibitors ryanodine (100 microM) and dantrolene (10 microM). The predominantly Group II agonist (2S,2'R,3'R)-2-(2'3'-dicarboxy-cyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV, 100 microM) failed to produce Ca2+ transients alone but suppressed responses to CHPG. Reverse transcriptase PCR techniques, using primers specific to Group I mGluRs, revealed the presence of mGluR5 but not mGluR1 mRNA in these cells. Therefore, glutamate can cause a slowly activating and reversible mobilisation of [Ca2+]i in sensory neurones by activation of ionotropic receptors, and can induce oscillatory calcium transients by selectively activating metabotropic glutamate receptors that are likely to be of the mGluR5 subtype.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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