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EMBO J. 2000 Mar 15;19(6):1187-94.

Secreted cathepsin L generates endostatin from collagen XVIII.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

Endostatin, an inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, was identified originally in conditioned media of murine hemangioendothelioma (EOMA) cells. N-terminal amino acid sequencing demonstrated that it corresponds to a fragment of basement membrane collagen XVIII. Here we report that cathepsin L is secreted by EOMA cells and is responsible for the generation of endostatin with the predicted N-terminus, while metalloproteases produce larger fragments in a parallel processing pathway. Efficient endostatin generation requires a moderately acidic pH similar to the pericellular milieu of tumors. The secretion of cathepsin L by a tumor cell line of endothelial origin suggests that this cathepsin may play a role in angiogenesis. We propose that cleavage within collagen XVIII's protease-sensitive region evolved to regulate excessive proteolysis in conditions of induced angiogenesis.

PMID:
10716919
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC305660
Free PMC Article
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