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Protein Sci. 2000 Feb;9(2):353-60.

Substrate- and pH-dependent contribution of oxyanion binding site to the catalysis of prolyl oligopeptidase, a paradigm of the serine oligopeptidase family.

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  • 1Institute of Enzymology, Biological Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest.

Abstract

Prolyl oligopeptidase, an enzyme implicated in memory disorders, is a member of a new serine peptidase family. Crystallographic studies (Fülöp et al., 1998) revealed a novel oxyanion binding site containing a tyrosine residue, Tyr473. To study the importance of Tyr473 OH, we have produced prolyl oligopeptidase and its Tyr473Phe variant in Escherichia coli. The specificity rate constant, k(cat)/Km, for the modified enzyme decreased by a factor of 8-40 with highly specific substrates, Z-Gly-Pro-Nap, and a fluorogenic octapeptide. With these compounds, the decline in k(cat) was partly compensated for by reduction in Km, a difference from the extensively studied subtilisin. With the less specific suc-Gly-Pro-Nap, the Km value, which approximates Ks, was not significantly changed, resulting in greater diminution (approximately 500-fold) in k(cat)/Km. The second-order rate constant for the reaction with Z-Pro-prolinal, a slow tight-binding transition-state analogue inhibitor, and the Ki values for a slow substrate and two product-like inhibitors were not significantly affected by the Tyr473 OH group. The mechanism of transition-state stabilization was markedly dependent upon the nature of substrate and varied with pH as the enzyme interconverted between its two catalytically competent forms.

PMID:
10716187
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2144544
Free PMC Article
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