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J Clin Oncol. 2000 Mar;18(6):1254-9.

Single-arm, open-label phase II study of intravenously administered tirapazamine and radiation therapy for glioblastoma multiforme.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10467, USA. jdelrowe@montefiore.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This phase II study tested the efficacy and safety of tirapazamine (Sanofi Synthelabo Research, Malvern, PA), a bioreductive agent, in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients. The patients were staged according to a model constructed by a recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) of glioma patients in prior Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) trials and compared with a matched standard population, as predicted by the model.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 124 patients diagnosed with a GBM were treated with radiation therapy and intravenous tirapazamine between January 27,1995, and April 25,1997. All patients received 60 Gy in 2-Gy fractions. Tirapazamine was delivered three times a week for 12 treatments during radiotherapy. Fifty-five patients received tirapazamine at 159 mg/m(2). A second dose level, 260 mg/m(2), was opened, and 69 patients were entered.

RESULTS:

There was no significant survival advantage to the drug in any RPA class at either dose level. The median survival time was 10.8 months for the patient population treated with the 159-mg/m(2) dose of tirapazamine and 9.5 months for the group treated with the 260-mg/m (2) dose of tirapazamine. Survival times by RPA class for patients receiving tirapazamine at 159 mg/m(2) were 27.4 months (class III), 10.8 months (class IV), 7.9 months (class V), and 3.8 months (class VI). Survival times by RPA class for patients receiving tirapazamine at 260 mg/m(2) were 16.2 months (class III), 10.3 months (class IV), 5. 1 months (class V), and 1.3 months (class VI). Patients in RPA class III treated in the 159 mg/m(2) dose arm had a notably longer survival than patients in the RTOG database RPA class III, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. There were no fatal toxicities. Grade 3/4 toxicities were more frequent at the higher dose level.

CONCLUSION:

Survival in the population treated with radiation and tirapazamine was equivalent to the control population. Patients in RPA class III treated with radiation and tirapazamine at the 159-mg/m(2) dose had a longer survival when compared with the historical controls. The improvement in survival did not reach statistical significance. Toxicity was acceptable in both treatment arms, but grade 3/4 toxicities were more frequent in the higher dose regimen.

PMID:
10715295
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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