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Am J Med Genet. 2000 Feb 14;90(4):347-50.

Detection of a common mutation in the RSH or Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome by a PCR-RFLP assay: IVS8-G-->C is found in over sixty percent of US propositi.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29403, USA.

Abstract

The RSH or Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a relatively common autosomal recessive disorder of cholesterol biosynthesis resulting from a deficiency of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholesterol delta7-reductase (7-DHCR). Mutations in 7-DHCR gene cause SLOS. Among these, a G-->C transversion in the splice acceptor site of exon 9 (IVS8-1G-->C) was suspected to be a frequent mutation, having been detected in about 18% of SLOS patients so far. This mutation results in the elimination of a AlwN1 restriction endonuclease site. We report a simple PCR-RFLP assay to detect the IVS8-1G-->C mutation. Using this method, we identified the IVS8-1G-->C mutation in 21 of 33 SLOS propositi. This mutation was detected in one of 90 normal adult Caucasian Americans; but not among 121 Africans from Sierra Leone, 120 Caucasians from Finland, 95 Chinese or 103 Japanese adults. The results of this study provide further evidence that IVS8-1G-->C transversion is a very common mutation in SLOS patients from the US and that the carrier rate in US caucasians may be high. The simple PCR-RFLP assay developed makes identification of this mutation convenient for diagnosis and for carrier detection.

PMID:
10710236
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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