Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2000 Mar-Jun;11(1-2):159-68.

Molecular mechanisms of inactivation of TGF-beta receptors during carcinogenesis.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Cell Regulation and Carcinogenesis, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892-5055, USA.


Signals from the TGF-betas are mediated by the TGF-beta receptors and their substrates, the Smad proteins. Inactivation of either of the two transmembrane serine/threonine kinases called the TGF-beta type I and type II receptors is now known to underlie a wide variety of human pathologies including, especially carcinogenesis. Numerous studies have now demonstrated that the TGF-beta receptor complex and its downstream signaling intermediates constitute a tumor suppressor pathway. We review here a specific pathway of mutational inactivation of the TGF-beta type II receptor resulting from microsatellite instability and demonstrate that, by contrast, the most common mechanism of loss of expression of the TGF-beta type II receptor involves transcriptional repression. This provides a new target for therapeutic intervention.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk