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Genomics. 2000 Feb 15;64(1):97-101.

Mapping and structure of DMXL1, a human homologue of the DmX gene from Drosophila melanogaster coding for a WD repeat protein.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Genetics, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, D-55099, Germany.


The DmX gene was recently isolated from the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. TBLASTN searches of the dbEST databases revealed sequences with a high level of similarity to DmX in a variety of different species, including insects, nematodes, and mammals showing that DmX is an evolutionarily highly conserved gene. Here we describe the cloning of the cDNA and the chromosomal localization of one of the human homologues of DmX, Dmx-like 1 (DMXL1). The human DMXL1 gene codes for a large mRNA of 11 kb with an open reading frame of 3027 amino acids. The putative protein belongs to the superfamily of WD repeat proteins, which have mostly regulatory functions. The DMXL1 protein contains an exceptionally large number of WD repeat units. The DMXL1 gene is located on chromosome 5q22 as determined by radiation hybrid mapping and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Although the function of the DMXL1 gene and its homologues in other species remains to be discovered, the high level of evolutionary conservation together with the unusual structure suggests that it probably has an important function.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

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