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Blood. 2000 Mar 15;95(6):2000-7.

Two novel type 2N von Willebrand disease-causing mutations that result in defective factor VIII binding, multimerization, and secretion of von Willebrand factor.

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  • 1Division of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. simon.allen@sheffield.ac.uk


Two novel mutations, a T-to-C transition at nucleotide 2612 and a T-to-G transversion at nucleotide 3923 of the von Willebrand factor (vWF) complementary DNA, were detected by analysis of the vWF gene in DNA from members of 2 families with atypical von Willebrand disease. The T2612C transition predicts substitution of cysteine by arginine at amino acid position 788 (C788R), and the T3923G transversion predicts substitution of cysteine by glycine at position 1225 (C1225G) of pre-pro-vWF. The patients homozygous for the C788R and C1225G mutations both had a partial vWF deficiency (0. 18 IU/mL and 0.07 IU/mL vWF antigen, respectively); vWF in plasma from patients homozygous for either the C788R or the C1225G mutation failed to bind factor VIII and lacked high molecular weight multimers. Recombinant (r) vWF molecules having the C788R or C1225G mutation were expressed in COS-7 cells. Both rvWF C788R and rvWF C1225G exhibited significantly impaired secretion and failed to bind factor VIII. Recombinant vWF C788R in COS-7 culture medium showed a severe reduction in high molecular weight multimers, whereas rvWF C1225G showed a very mild reduction in high molecular weight multimers when compared with wild-type rvWF. (Blood. 2000;95:2000-2007)

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