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J Immunol. 2000 Mar 15;164(6):3301-8.

Leukocyte arrest during cytokine-dependent inflammation in vivo.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.


Leukocyte rolling along the walls of inflamed venules precedes their adhesion during inflammation. Rolling leukocytes are thought to arrest by engaging beta2 integrins following cellular activation. In vitro studies suggest that chemoattractants may instantaneously activate and arrest rolling leukocytes. However, how leukocytes stop rolling and become adherent in inflamed venules in vivo has remained rather mysterious. In this paper we use a novel method of tracking individual leukocytes through the microcirculation to show that rolling neutrophils become progressively activated while rolling down the venular tree. On average, leukocytes in wild-type mice roll for 86 s (and cover 270 microm) before becoming adherent with an efficiency around 90%. These rolling leukocytes exhibit a gradual beta2 integrin-dependent decrease in rolling velocity that correlates with an increase in intracellular free calcium concentration before arrest. Similar tracking analyses in gene-targeted mice demonstrate that the arrest of rolling leukocytes is very rare when beta2 integrins are absent or blocked by a mAb. Arrest is approximately 50% less efficient in the absence of E-selectin. These data suggest a model of leukocyte recruitment in which beta2 integrins play a critical role in stabilizing leukocyte rolling during a protracted cellular activation period before arrest and firm adhesion.

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