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Atherosclerosis. 2000 Mar;149(1):75-81.

Substitution of asparagine for aspartic acid at residue 9 (D9N) of lipoprotein lipase markedly augments risk of ischaemic heart disease in male smokers.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Genetics, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rayne Institute, 5 University Street, London, UK. ptalmud@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

Genetic variants of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), a key enzyme in the hydrolysis of triglyceride (TG)-rich particles, may contribute to ischaemic heart disease (IHD) risk. We have examined the risk of IHD in carriers of two common LPL variants, asparagine substitution for aspartic acid at residue 9 (D9N) and serine for asparagine at residue 291 (N291S) in 2708 middle-aged healthy European men, followed for over 6 years. The carrier frequencies were 2.6% for N9, and 3.9% for S291. Both variants were associated with higher plasma TG at baseline of 9% and 14%, respectively. At baseline, 28% of men were current smokers and smoking was unrelated to genotype. Associations between LPL variants and disease outcome, according to smoking status, were assessed by Cox's proportional hazards analysis. S291 carriers showed no increased risk of IHD compared to non-carriers, while there was strong evidence of interaction between D9N genotype and smoking status (P = 0.0003) in determining the risk of IHD. In 2248 non-carriers of N9, smoking increased the risk of an IHD event by 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.4%) times. Among 58 N9 carriers, no IHD events occurred in 42 who were non-smokers, whereas five events were reported in 16 who smoked. The combined effect of smoking and N9 allele was to increase the risk of an IHD event by 10.4 (95% CI: 4.7-22.8%) times compared with D9 non-smokers. These findings could not be explained by confounding effects of baseline TG. Carriers of N9 appear to be especially vulnerable to the adverse effects of cigarette smoking on IHD risk, but this susceptibility is unrelated to the influence of this variant on plasma TG levels.

PMID:
10704617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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