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J Biol Chem. 2000 Mar 10;275(10):7184-8.

Hepatitis C virus NS5A protein modulates transcription through a novel cellular transcription factor SRCAP.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri 63104, USA.


Hepatitis C virus NS5A protein transcriptionally modulates cellular genes and promotes cell growth. NS5A is likely to exert its activity in concert with cellular factor(s). Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we have demonstrated that NS5A interacts with the C-terminal end of a newly identified cellular transcription factor, SRCAP. The authenticity of this interaction was verified by a mammalian two-hybrid assay, in vitro pull-down experiment, and an in vivo coimmunoprecipitation assay in human hepatoma (HepG2) cells. An in vitro transient transfection assay demonstrated that SRCAP can efficiently activate transcription when recruited by the Gal4 DNA-binding domain to the promoter. However, down-regulation of p21 promoter activity by NS5A was enhanced following ectopic expression of SRCAP. Together these results suggest that the interaction of NS5A and SRCAP may be one of the mechanisms by which NS5A exerts its effect on cell growth regulation contributing to hepatitis C virus-mediated pathogenesis.

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