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Free Radic Biol Med. 2000 Feb 1;28(3):330-6.

Cyto- and genotoxic effects of novel aromatic nitroxide radicals in vitro.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Scienze dei Materiali e della Terra, Universit√†, Ancona, Italy.


Because of the increasing interest in the use of nitroxide radicals as antioxidants and probes for various applications in biological systems, the question of their toxicity is of paramount importance. Cytotoxicity and mutagenicity studies have been extensively performed with the commercially available aliphatic nitroxides, and the general outcome is that these compounds are nonmutagenic and relatively noncytotoxic. In this study, the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of a new class of aromatic nitroxides that we have synthesized (i.e., indolinonic and quinolinic nitroxides), whose antioxidant activity has been established in both chemical and biological systems, were evaluated and compared with those of two commercial nitroxides and with that of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). The mutagenicity assay was performed using Salmonella typhimurium tester strains TA98, TA100, and TA102, chosen on the basis of their ability to detect various types of mutations and their sensitivity to oxidative damage. None of the compounds tested were found to be mutagenic. The colony-forming assay (CFA) using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) AS52 cells was employed for determining the cytotoxicity of the test compounds. On comparing the effective dose that inhibits the CFA by 50% (IC(50)), most of the compounds tested on an equal molar concentration basis were less toxic than BHT. Therefore, the overall results obtained correlate well with the data reported in the literature on the toxicity of aliphatic nitroxides and lend support to the possible use of these compounds as therapeutic antioxidants.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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