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Parassitologia. 1999 Sep;41(1-3):349-53.

Current scenario of malaria in India.

Author information

  • Malaria Research Centre, Delhi, India. vps@icmrmrc.ren.nic.in

Abstract

The Indian National Malaria Eradication Programme (NMEP) is reporting 2.5 to 3 million malaria cases, and about 1,000 malaria deaths annually. Malaria in the northeastern states is stable and in the peninsular India unstable. There are six major and three minor malaria vectors, of which Anopheles culicifacies transmits malaria in rural areas and An. stephensi in the towns. Other vectors are of local importance. Plasmodium vivax is the dominant infection and accounts for 60-65% cases whereas P. falciparum contributes 30-35% cases. Field operations to control malaria are impeded by resistance and/or exophilic vector behavior, parasite resistance to antimalarial drugs, operational problems in spraying, failure to search breeding of mosquitoes at weekly intervals, staff shortages and financial constraints. Resurgent malaria invaded new ecotypes created by green revolution, industrial growth and urban development resulting in paradigm shift towards man-made malaria. NMEP has launched a world bank-assisted enhanced malaria control project with primary emphasis to protect 62.2 million high risk population in 7 states.

PMID:
10697882
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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