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Anticancer Res. 1999 Nov-Dec;19(6B):5057-61.

HPV33 DNA in premalignant and malignant breast lesions in Chinese and Japanese populations.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Shanghai First People's Hospital, China.


The relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and breast cancer is controversial. In this study, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks prepared from 72 patients with benign, premalignant or malignant mammary lesions were randomly collected from the Shanghai region of China and Tokushima in Japan. DNA specimens extracted from all tissues were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using HPV16, 18 and 33 primers. Southern blot hybridization showed 19 cases to be positive for HPV33 DNA: The positive rate for HPV33 DNA in Chinese (41.7%) was significantly higher than in Japanese (11.1%) (P < 0.01): The positive rate for HPV33 DNA in invasive ductal carcinoma (34.1%) was higher than in benign or borderline mammary lesions (5%) (P < 0.02). There were no statistically significant difference among the relationship of the nuclear grade of breast cancers with HPV33 DNA-positivity. This is the first report of a positive correlation between HPV33 DNA and breast lesions in Chinese and Japanese populations. These results suggest that the infection by HPV33, but not HPV 16 or HPV 18, may be involved in breast hyperplastic lesions, especially breast cancer, in humans.

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