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Exp Cell Res. 2000 Mar 15;255(2):327-32.

Sox9 expression during chondrogenesis in micromass cultures of embryonic limb mesenchyme.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E5, Canada. kulykw@duke.usask.ca

Abstract

Sox9 plays a crucial role in chondrogenesis. It encodes an HMG-domain transcription factor that activates an enhancer in the gene for type II collagen (Col2a1), a principal cartilage matrix protein. We have characterized the temporal pattern of Sox9 RNA expression in micromass culture, a widely used in vitro model for the analysis of embryonic cartilage differentiation. Cultures were prepared from distal subridge mesenchyme of the stage 24/25 chick embryo wing bud, which undergoes uniform chondrogenic differentiation in vitro. The early "prechondrogenic" phase of culture was characterized by the activation of Sox9 RNA expression, which preceded detectable upregulation of Col2a1 transcription. Sox9 RNA levels peaked between 20 and 65 h of culture, a phase of progressive Col2a1 transcript accumulation, then declined in the mature cartilage of 120-h cultures. Staurosporine treatment enhanced chondrogenesis in micromass culture by inducing a rapid quantitative increase in Sox9 transcript levels. However, PMA, a phorbol ester that inhibits Col2a1 expression and chondrocyte differentiation, had an unexpectedly modest effect on Sox9 RNA accumulation.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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