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J Refract Surg. 2000 Jan-Feb;16(1):79-82.

Lower intraoperative flap complication rate with the Hansatome microkeratome compared to the Automated Corneal Shaper.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle 98195-6485, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the incidence of intraoperative flap complications, such as partial flaps, donut-shaped flaps, central corneal cuts, and complete caps with the Hansatome and Automated Corneal Shaper (ACS) microkeratomes.

METHODS:

All laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) procedures performed by a single surgeon with the Hansatome or Automated Corneal Shaper in which intraocular pressure was verified with a pneumotonometer were reviewed.

RESULTS:

A total of 90 eyes had LASIK with the ACS microkeratome. Six of the ACS eyes (6.7%) had intraoperative flap complications (4 partial flaps, 1 donut-shaped flap, 0 central corneal cuts, 1 complete cap). Partial flaps and donut-shaped flaps were replaced without laser application and the procedure repeated 2 to 3 months later. Two of these eyes lost 2 lines and one lost 1 line of spectacle-corrected visual acuity at 6 months after repeat LASIK. The eye with the donut-shaped flap was treated with transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and had no change in spectacle-corrected visual acuity at 6 months after PRK. The eye with the complete cap had no change in spectacle-corrected visual acuity after laser ablation. Five hundred ninety-eight (598) eyes had LASIK with the Hansatome microkeratome. Two of the Hansatome eyes (0.3%) had a flap complication (1 partial flap and 1 donut-shaped flap). The first eye retained spectacle-corrected visual acuity at 6 months after repeat LASIK. The second eye had transepithelial PRK to eliminate the donut shaped flap with no loss of spectacle-corrected visual acuity at 6 months after surgery. The difference in flap complications between the two procedures was statistically significant (P < .01). There were no flap displacements following surgery in either group.

CONCLUSION:

Intraoperative flap complications are less likely to occur with the Hansatome microkeratome than with the ACS microkeratome.

Comment in

PMID:
10693623
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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