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J Transcult Nurs. 1999 Oct;10(4):350-7.

The culture of the deaf.

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  • 1Kent State University School of Nursing, USA.


The population of the United States includes over 1 million deaf people, the majority of whom have chosen to differentiate themselves in terms of a Deaf culture. These Deaf people share unique values and norms and use sign language for communication. The differences that exist between hearing and Deaf individuals necessitate that the nurse understand this population. This article will describe the Deaf culture using Leininger's Sunrise Model and present specific nursing actions in the modes of culture care preservation and/or maintenance, accommodation and/or negotiation, and repatterning or restructuring that enable the nurse to provide culturally congruent care for Deaf clients.

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