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J Transcult Nurs. 1999 Oct;10(4):331-9.

Panamanians' practices for health promotion and the meaning of respect afforded them by health care providers.

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  • 1University of Delaware, USA.


This study describes and compares Panamanians' and Panamanian Americans' practices for health promotion and wellness, disease and illness prevention, and the meaning of respect afforded them by health care providers. Understanding a person's beliefs and values when planning nursing and health care interventions helps the caregiver provide culturally acceptable care that improves clients' satisfaction and health status. Culturally respectful, acceptable, and appropriate care conserves the utilization of human, material, and financial resources. This sample comprised 70 subjects: 50 in the Republic of Panama and 20 from the DelMarVa Peninsula in the United States. This study uses selected primary and secondary characteristics of culture and selected domains from the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence as guides for questionnaire development, data analysis, and discussion of the findings.

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