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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2000 Feb;88(2):197-200.

Treatment outcome in women with a single ovary versus patients with two ovaries undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET).

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. gadp@bgumail.bgu.ac.il



To compare ovarian response and pregnancy rate between women with one and two ovaries undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET).


20 IVF/ET treatment cycles in ten women with a single ovary were compared with 60 IVF/ET cycles in 47 women with two ovaries. Both groups were matched for age and treated for mechanical infertility. In both groups treatment protocol included gonadotropin releasing hormone/human menopausal gonadotropin/human chorionic gonadotropin (GnRH/hMG/hCG).


Effective daily dose of gonadotropins (3.7+/-0.7 vs. 3.6+/-1.0), mean 17beta-estradiol levels on day of hCG administration (1136+/-467 vs. 1343+/-776), number of retrieved oocytes (6.4+/-3.7 vs. 8.3+/-4.2) and number of embryos per transfer (3.0+/-0.7 vs 2.9+/-1.2) were not statistically different between the groups. A significantly higher pregnancy rate was observed among women with one ovary (52.9%) as compared with those with two ovaries (20.8%), (P=0.015). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated an odds ratio of 5.73 for patients with a single ovary.


Treatment outcome in patients with a single ovary undergoing IVF/ET is comparable to those with two ovaries. The unexpected significantly higher pregnancy rate observed among these patients need to be further evaluated.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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