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Exp Neurol. 2000 Jan;161(1):336-45.

Behavioral and metabolic changes in immature rats during seizures induced by homocysteic acid: the protective effect of NMDA and non-NMDA receptor antagonists.

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  • 1Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídenská 1083, Prague 4, 142 20, Czech Republic.


Bilateral intracerebroventricular infusion of dl-homocysteic acid (DL-HCA) (600 nmol on each side) to immature 12-day-old rats induced generalized clonic-tonic seizures, recurring frequently for at least 90 min, with a high rate of survival. Electrographic recordings from sensorimotor cortex, hippocampus, and striatum demonstrated isolated spikes in the hippocampus and/or striatum as the first sign of dl-HCA action. Generalization of epileptic activity occurred during generalized clonic-tonic seizures, but electroclinical correlation was very low; dissociation between EEG pattern and motor phenomena was common. Seizures were accompanied by large decreases of cortical glucose and glycogen and by approximately 7- to 10-fold accumulation of lactate. ATP and phosphocreatine (PCr) levels remained unchanged even during longlasting (3 h) convulsions. Metabolite levels became normalized during the recovery period (24 h). The examination of the effect of selected antagonists of NMDA [AP7 (18.5 and 37 mg/kg, respectively), MK-801 (0.5 mg/kg)] and non-NMDA [NBQX (10, 15 and 30 mg/kg, respectively)] receptors revealed that seizures could be attenuated or prevented (depending on the dose employed) by antagonists of both NMDA and non-NMDA receptors, as evaluated not only according to the suppression of behavioral manifestations of seizures, but also in terms of the protection of metabolite changes accompanying seizures. All antagonists employed, when given alone in the same doses as those used for seizure protection, did not influence metabolite levels, with the exception of increased glucose concentrations. Furthermore, the pronounced anticonvulsant effect could be achieved by the combined treatment with low subthreshold doses of NMDA (AP7) and non-NMDA (NBQX) receptor antagonists, which may be of potential significance for a new approach to the treatment of epilepsy.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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