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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Mar;44(3):798-801.

A convenient assay for estimating the possible involvement of efflux of fluoroquinolones by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus: evidence for diminished moxifloxacin, sparfloxacin, and trovafloxacin efflux.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Division of Microbiology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.


We developed a simplified assay for estimating efflux by measuring the effect of reserpine on the growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus over 7 h. Reserpine enhanced ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin 17 to 68%. The hydrophobic drug trovafloxacin and the drug moxifloxacin, with a bulky C-7 substituent but hydrophilicity similar to that of levofloxacin, showed little (0 to 11%) reserpine-enhancing effect. The ease of resistant mutant strain selection correlated with efflux susceptibility.

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