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J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2000 Jan 14;737(1-2):203-12.

Purification of surface-associated urease from Helicobacter pylori.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Microbiology, Hygiene-Institute, University of Vienna, Austria.


Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human gastric mucosa and produces large amounts of urease. The enzyme was extracted from the bacteria by distilled water and purified by gel-permeation (Sephacryl S-300), anion-exchange chromatography (Mono Q) and a second gel-permeation (Superdex 200). Urease enzyme activity was detected with a spectrophotometic assay based on phenol red. The optimal pH for anion-exchange was 6.9. The recovery of urease was 55-75%, purity 93-98% and the overall protein recovery 0.8-1.4%. The urease in the final extract still had enzymatic activity and showed the typical subunits of Mr 66000 and Mr 30000 when subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

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