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J Immunol. 2000 Mar 1;164(5):2745-51.

Pivotal role of CCR1-positive leukocytes in bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


We have investigated the involvement of chemokine receptor CCR1-positive cells in bleomycin-induced lung injury, a model of pulmonary fibrosis. After bleomycin challenge in C57BL/6J mice, the expression of CCR1 mRNA increased and peaked at day 7, which paralleled to the expression of its ligands, macrophage-inflammatory protein-1 alpha and RANTES. Immunohistochemical study showed that CCR1-positive cells accumulated in the interstitial inflammatory site. Furthermore, the treatment of anti-CCR1 Ab significantly reduced the accumulation of inflammatory cells and collagen deposition, resulting in dramatic improvement of survival. These results suggest that CCR1-positive cells play significant roles in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis subsequent to bleomycin-induced lung injury, and that CCR1 could be a novel molecular target for intervention therapy against pulmonary fibrosis.

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