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Mol Cell. 2000 Jan;5(1):141-51.

Disruption of the beta-sarcoglycan gene reveals pathogenetic complexity of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2E.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA.


Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2E (LGMD 2E) is caused by mutations in the beta-sarcoglycan gene, which is expressed in skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle. beta-sarcoglycan-deficient (Sgcb-null) mice developed severe muscular dystrophy and cardiomyopathy with focal areas of necrosis. The sarcoglycan-sarcospan and dystroglycan complexes were disrupted in skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle membranes. epsilon-sarcoglycan was also reduced in membrane preparations of striated and smooth muscle. Loss of the sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex in vascular smooth muscle resulted in vascular irregularities in heart, diaphragm, and kidneys. Further biochemical characterization suggested the presence of a distinct epsilon-sarcoglycan complex in skeletal muscle that was disrupted in Sgcb-null mice. Thus, perturbation of vascular function together with disruption of the epsilon-sarcoglycan-containing complex represents a novel mechanism in the pathogenesis of LGMD 2E.

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