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Gene. 2000 Jan 11;241(2):259-65.

Expression analysis and characterization of the mutant of a growth-phase- and starvation-regulated monofunctional catalase gene from Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli.

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  • 1Laboratory of Biotechnology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Lak Si, Bangkok, Thailand.


Analysis of the Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli (Xp) catalase profile using an activity gel revealed at least two distinct monofunctional catalase isozymes denoted Kat1 and Kat2. Kat1 was expressed throughout growth, whereas Kat2 was expressed only during the stationary phase of growth. The nucleotide sequence of a previously isolated monofunctional catalase gene, Xp katE, was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of Xp KatE showed a high percentage identity to an atypical group of monofunctional catalases that includes the well-characterized E. coli katE. Expression of Xp katE was growth phase-dependent but was not inducible by oxidants. In addition, growth of Xp in a carbon-starvation medium induced expression of the gene. An Xp katE mutant was constructed, and analysis of its catalase enzyme pattern showed that Xp katE coded for the Kat2 isozyme. Xp katE mutant had resistance levels similar to the parental strain against peroxide and superoxide killing at both exponential and stationary phases of growth. Interestingly, the level of total catalase activity in the mutant was similar to that of the parental strain even in stationary phase. These results suggest the existence of a novel compensatory mechanism for the activity of Xp catalase isozymes.

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