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Br J Anaesth. 1999 Oct;83(4):602-7.

Effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on serum procalcitonin and C-reactive protein concentrations.

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  • 1Service d'Anesthésie-Réanimation, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France.

Abstract

We have measured serum procalcitonin (PCT) concentrations after cardiac surgery in 36 patients allocated to one of three groups: group 1, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (n = 12); group 2, CABG without CPB (n = 12); and group 3, valvular surgery with CPB (n = 12). Serum PCT and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations were measured before operation, at the end of surgery and daily until postoperative day 8. Serum PCT concentrations increased, irrespective of the type of cardiac surgery, with maximum concentrations on day 1: mean 1.3 (SD 1.8), 1.1 (1.2) and 1.4 (1.2) ng ml-1 in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively (ns). Serum PCT concentrations remained less than 5 ng ml-1 in all patients. Concentrations returned to normal by day 5 in all groups. To determine the effect of the systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) on serum PCT concentrations, patients were divided post hoc, without considering the type of cardiac surgery, into patients with SIRS (n = 19) and those without SIRS (n = 17). The increase in serum PCT was significantly greater in SIRS (peak PCT 1.79 (1.64) ng ml-1 vs 0.34 (0.32) ng ml-1 in patients without SIRS) (P = 0.005). Samples for PCT and CRP measurements were obtained from 10 other patients with postoperative complications (circulatory failure n = 7; active endocarditis n = 2; septic shock n = 1). In these patients, serum PCT concentrations ranged from 6.2 to 230 ng ml-1. Serum CRP concentrations increased in all patients, with no differences between groups. The postoperative increase in CRP lasted longer than that of PCT. We conclude that SIRS induced by cardiac surgery, with and without CPB, influenced serum PCT concentrations with a moderate and transient postoperative peak on the first day after operation. A postoperative serum PCT concentration of more than 5 ng ml-1 is highly suggestive of a postoperative complication.

PMID:
10673877
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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